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Fourth Edition 201213/08/2014 Joshua W. Walker, "The Spirit of the Truman Doctrine: 65 Years of Strategic Partnership between the United States and Turkey"

In this policy brief, the author argues that revitalization of a six decades old alliance that has primarily relied on converged geostrategic realities and a partnership of mutual visions and shared values is the preferred outcome in U.S.-Turkey relations.

Abstract

Joshua W. Walker, "The Spirit of the Truman Doctrine: 65 Years of Strategic Partnership between the United States and Turkey"

Relations between Turkey and the United States have not been immune to regional developments and domestic politics in both Ankara and Washington. The two countries’ militaries, which were highly integrated in the context of a common NATO platform, were always the traditional bedrock of the U.S.-Turkey alliance. Even after sixty-five years, despite the winds of change in strategic international environment both for Ankara and Washington through the “Arab Spring” and “Eurozone Crisis” the security alliance remains the bedrock relationship. However it is important to realize the increasingly strategic role that Turkey has played and continues to play in a critical region, not to mention the degree to which American and Turkish interests converge more than they diverge. At a moment in which the concept of Western leadership is being questioned, a proactive assessment of Turkey’s newfound emergence as a responsible global partner in regional stability and long-term democratization has never been more necessary. Washington has to stop looking at Ankara merely in terms of alignment or drift on specific tactical issues and focus on the long-term vision that originally guided the partnership between the two countries as part of the original founding principles in the Truman Doctrine of 1947. Sharing mutual friendship, history, and interests is important in international relations, but revitalizing a six decades old alliance that has primarily relied on converged geostrategic realities into a partnership of mutual visions and shared values is the preferred outcome in U.S.-Turkey relations.

Read the English version in full.

Résumé

L’esprit de la doctrine Truman : 65 ans de partenariat stratégique américano-turc

Les relations américano-turques sont, par définition, tributaires de leur environnement et des politiques nationales menées par Ankara et Washington. Historiquement, le ciment de l’alliance USA-Turquie réside dans leurs deux armées, qui coopèrent étroitement au sein de l’OTAN. Or, soixante-cinq ans après l’énoncé de la doctrine Truman, et malgré les tempêtes du printemps arabes et de la crise de la zone euro, cette alliance défensive reste la clef de voûte du dialogue Ankara-Washington. Il importe néanmoins de mesurer le rôle stratégique grandissant joué par la Turquie dans une région des plus sensibles, ainsi que le fort degré de convergence des intérêts américains et turcs face aux événements actuels. À l’heure où le principe même de leadership occidental fait de moins en moins recette, il est plus que jamais nécessaire de mettre en avant la nouvelle stature prise par la Turquie, celle d’une puissance indispensable à la stabilité et à la démocratisation du Moyen-Orient. Pour cela, Washington doit cesser de jauger l’attitude d’Ankara selon les termes binaires d’alignement ou d’insoumission, pour se recentrer sur la vision de long terme qui unit les deux pays depuis 1947. Il s’agit en somme de transformer une alliance sexagénaire, fondée sur des réalités géostratégiques périmées, en un partenariat nourri d’ambitions et de valeurs communes. 

Lisez le texte entier en français.

In this policy brief, the author argues that revitalization of a six decades old alliance that has primarily relied on converged geostrategic realities and a partnership of mutual visions and shared values is the preferred outcome in U.S.-Turkey relations.

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